Diplomatic Service of Maria Dontsova: Little-Known Facets of a Famous Figure (Personal Story to the Collective Portrait of Ukrainian Women Diplomats)

DOI: 10.46493/2663-2675.31(6).2021.43-48

Authors:

Iryna Matiash , Institute of History of Ukraine of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Abstract.

The purpose of the article is to highlight the activities of Maria Bachynska-Dontsova in the field of diplomatic service during its formation as a state institution in the closest to modern form. The research methodology is based on the principles of scientificity, historicism, and systematicity. To identify and classify sources, the methods of archival heuristics and source study criticism were used; to study the activities of M. Dontsova as a representative of women in Ukrainian diplomacy, methods of prosopography were used. The relevance of the study stems from the lack of scientific research on the role of women in the formation of the Ukrainian diplomatic service during the Ukrainian Revolution of 1917-1921, and in particular the lack of coverage in the scientific literature of M. Dontsova’s activity as a member of Ukrainian diplomatic missions. The scientific novelty of the research results lies in the reconstruction based on the identified archival sources of M. Dontsova's activity as an employee of the Ukrainian diplomatic service and the reflection of her personal history in the collective portrait of Ukrainian female diplomats. M. Bachynska-Dontsova went down into the history of the Ukrainian diplomatic service as the wife of the head of the press bureau of the EDM UPR in Switzerland, prominent statesman and politician D. Dontsov, whom she helped with information and publishing activities, translations, and maintaining contacts with readers. Through her tireless work, she had demonstrated the essential role of a diplomat's wife in the diplomatic service. At the same time, she became one of the representatives of women in the Ukrainian diplomatic service. Like the vast majority of women in diplomatic missions, she did not have leadership authority but was a “universal government official” as an accountant, translator, clerk, and government commissioner. Noteworthy is her activity in the field of public and cultural diplomacy after completing diplomatic service in women’s NGOs to form a positive image of Ukraine abroad, to tell the truth about Ukrainian problems, to develop tools for cultural diplomacy

Keywords : female face of Ukrainian diplomacy, M. Dontsova (Bachynska), D. Dontsov, diplomacy of the UPR

Language of the article : ukrainian

References :

1. Perederiy, V. (1996). Bachynska-Dontsova Maria. In M.M. Romaniuk (Ed.), Ukrainian journalism in names: Materials for the encyclopedic dictionary (pp. 19-21). Lviv.

2. Shlikhta, I.V. (2004). Touches to the portrait of Maria Dontsova. In Ukrainian archaeographic yearbook, 8/9, 681-694.

3. Markus, V. (2009). Dontsova Maria. In Encyclopedia of the Ukrainian Diaspora (Book 1, p. 253). New York-Chicago.

4. Myronets, N. (2000). Letters of Yuri Lypa to Maria Dontsova. In Creativity of Yuri Lypa in the cultural and historical context of the XX century (pp. 89-96). Odesa: Astroprint.

5. Perederiy, V.A. (2003). Bachynska-Dontsova Maria. In Encyclopedia of Modern Ukraine. Kyiv: Institute of Encyclopedic Research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Retrieved from https://esu.com.ua/search_articles. php?id=41342.

6. Svarnyk, H. (1994). Dmytro Dontsov's archive in the National Library in Warsaw. Nashe Slovo, 20, 3.

7. Svarnyk, H. (1994). The fate of the archive of Dmitry Dontsov. Pamyatky Ukrayiny, 3-6, 122-128.

8. Svarnyk, H. (1995). Several documents to the biography of Dmitry Dontsov. Notes of the Shevchenko Society, CCXXIV, 488-497.

9. Central State Archive of Supreme Bodies of Power and Government of Ukraine. Fund 3849. Description 1. File 9. Sheet 2.

10. Central State Archive of Supreme Bodies of Power and Government of Ukraine. Fund 3849. Description 1. File 9. Sheet 3.

11. Central State Archive of Supreme Bodies of Power and Government of Ukraine. Fund 3849. Description 1. File 9. Sheet 4.

12. Central State Archive of Supreme Bodies of Power and Government of Ukraine. Fund 3849. Description 1. File 9. Sheet 7.

13. Central State Archive of Supreme Bodies of Power and Government of Ukraine. Fund 3849. Description 1. File 9. Sheet 5.

14. Baidak, M. (2016). Escape and return: Ukrainian women in the ranks of the Sich Riflemen. Retrieved from https://uamoderna.com/md/baidak-women-and-war.

15. Matyash, I.B. (2010). History of Ukrainian diplomacy: The first steps in the international arena (1917-1924). Kyiv: Publishing House of Humanitarian Literature.

16. Central State Archive of Supreme Bodies of Power and Government of Ukraine. Fund 3542. Description 1. File 1. Sheet 20.

17. Dontsov, D. (1954). Year 1918. Toronto: Published by Homin Ukrainy.

18. Central State Archive of Supreme Bodies of Power and Government of Ukraine. Fund 3542. Description 1. File 14. Sheet 49-49.

19. Surovtsova, N. (1996). Memories. Kyiv: Olena Teliha Publishing House.

20. Bohachevska-Khomyak, M. (1995). White on white. Women in the public life of Ukraine. 1884-1939. Kyiv: Lybid.

21. Sosnovskyi, M. (1974). Dmytro Dontsov ‒ political portrait: From the history of Ukrainian nationalism. New York-Toronto: Scientific Society named after Shevchenko Library of Ukrainian Studies.