Political Rusynism: Historical Retrospective of Its Origin and Geopolitical Transformation

DOI: 10.46493/2663-2675.31(6).2021.9-19

Authors:

Mykhailo Kharyshyn , PhD in Historical Science, Kyiv, Ukraine

Abstract.

With the collapse of the Soviet Union, and especially with the start of the Russian aggression against the Ukrainian state, the issue of “political Rusynism” as well as Rusynism in general, has become today an effective instrument of blackmailing and destruction on the part of Russia for a wide range of countries of central and eastern Europe. According to the author of the article, these are first and foremost Ukraine, Slovakia, Poland and Romania, the Czech Republic, Moldova and the Balkan states, which are home to a large Ukrainian- Rusyn community. In view of the geopolitical tasks which the leading political actors set themselves, the center of such influence, according to the author, can shift, although Ukraine always remains among the key goals. The issue of addressing contemporary challenges and threats, which include political Rusynism etc. – call for a closer study of this problem. It aims to highlight briefly the main stages of the establishment and development of political Rusynism, show some practical steps of Rusynism ideologists guided by special services of neighbouring states to destabilize the situation in Ukraine. The article analyzes the origins of political Rusynism, the basic ideological principles including the modern form of “neorusynism”. The author will demonstrate historical connection between the Russian usage of rusynism and current situation in the region. According to the author, a thorough understanding of the political Rusynism’s nature will allow different interested institutions of Ukraine including government bodies to effectively neutralize and prevent, including in the frame of multi-format international platforms, the attempts of certain neigbouring states, first of all Russia, to destabilize the situation in Ukraine by using this phenomenon as one of the effective tools of hybrid warfare

Keywords : Rusniysm, political Rusynism, “ruskiy mir”, Subcarpathian Rus, Carpathian Ukraine, Transcarpathia, national identity

Language of the article : ukrainian

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