Comparative Analysis of the Establishment of Chinese and American Think Tanks

DOI: 10.46493/2663-2675.31(5).2021.44-51

Authors:

Wei Lu , Shanxi University

Abstract.

The relevance of the study is due to the need for a comparative analysis of the establishment of think tanks in the United States and the People’s Republic of China. In this regard, this article aims to identify the main factors influencing the quality of think tanks, disclosure of universal methods of modernization and quality control of think tanks around the world, description of the main aspects of establishing think tanks, predict and justify possible consequences of think tanks in the paradigm of different political regimes for local political systems, citizens of the country and the international community as a whole. The leading method in this study is systems analysis, which can be used to carry out a comparative analysis of the establishment of Chinese and American think tanks. Also in the process of writing this article were used such research methods as: the method of logical analysis, comparative method, methods of synthesis and deduction, the method of classification. The article presents the results of the analysis, reveals the main factors influencing the quality of think tanks, identifies universal methods of modernization and quality control of think tanks around the world, describes the main aspects of founding think tanks, predicted and justified the possible consequences of think tanks in the paradigm of different political regimes for local political systems, citizens of the country and the international community as a whole; the results are presented in the form of tables and figures. The materials of the article are of practical value for teachers and students of higher educational institutions in the field of sociology and analytics and politicians

Keywords : quality of political monitoring, political systems, modernization, international society, educational systems

Language of the article : ukrainian

References :

1. Oskardottir, S. (2020). Think tanks in Iceland. Scandinavian Political Studies, 43(3), 207-222. Gacesa, R. (2020). Think tank. Bankarstvo, 49(2), 131-142.

2. Jezierska, K. (2020). Dangling in a vacuum: A presentation of Polish think tanks in political life. East European Politics and Societies. doi: 10.1177/0888325420941104.

3. Tarango, J., Delgado, R., & Machin-Mastromatteo, J. (2019). Latin American academic and research think tanks: Characterization of a model and its presence in the region. Information Development, 35(1), 165-170.

4. Williams, K. (2020). Strategic positioning: How policy research actors situate their intellectual labour to gain symbolic resources from multiple fields. The Sociological Review, 68(5), 1070-1091.

5. Keudel, O., Carbou, O. (2020). Think tanks in a limited access order: The case of Ukraine. East European Politics and Societies. doi: 10.1177/0888325420937810.

6. Zhang, D. (2021). The media and think tanks in China: The construction and propagation of a think tank. Media Asia, 48(2), 123-138.

7. Xuan, L. (2019). 7 Chinese think tanks rank in world top 100. ChinaDaily. Retrieved from http://www.chinadaily.com. cn/a/201901/31/WS5c52cc9ea3106c65c34e79bb.html.

8. Silva, M. (2019). The European Union’s revolving door problem in book lobbying in the European Union. New York: Springer International Publishing.

9. Zhu, X. (2020). Think tanks in politically embedded knowledge regimes: Does the “revolving door” matter in China? International Review of Administrative Sciences, 86(2), 295-315.

10. Think tanks. (2021). Retrieved from https://libguides.unm.edu/c.php?g=902783&p=6508435.

11. Jezierska, K., & Giusti, S. (2020). Introduction: Travelling from West to East: Think tank model adaptation to

12. Central and Eastern Europe: Think tanks in Central and Eastern Europe. East European Politics and Societies. doi: 10.1177/0888325420946831.

13. Klaskova, M., & Cisar, O. (2020). Agents of europeanization: Think tanks discussing the refugee crisis in the Czech Republic. East European Politics and Societies. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0888325420941092.

14. Pan, J. (2021). Fundamental logical system of think tank research. In DIIS theory and methodology in think tanks (pp. 3-20). Singapore: Springer.

15. Zhang, Z., Zhang, Y., & Liu, M. (2018). The approaches from university think tank to public think tank. Economics, Business and Management. doi: 10.12783/dtem/eced2018/24003.

16. Aedo, A. (2016). Cultures of expertise and technologies of government: The emergence of think tanks in Chile. Critique of Anthropology, 36(2), 145-167.

17. Holzhacker, H., & Umar, K. (2021). Thinking through crisis – the role of think tanks. Bulletin of Turan University, 1, 80-83.

18. Pelizzo, R. (2019). Student feature – Advice on writing for a think tank. E-International Relations. https://www.e-ir. info/2019/07/28/student-feature-advice-on-writing-for-a-think-tank/.

19. Coombes, R. (2019). Think tanks should come out of the shadows. BMJ, 365, article number l2212.

20. Lin, X. (2019). Chinese educational policy research: The arduous formation of a research paradigm. ECNU Review of Education, 2(4), 544-560.

21. Lupton, R., & Hayes, D. (2018). Think tanks and the pedagogical dispositions and strategies of socially critical researchers: A case study of inequalities in schooling. Policy Futures in Education, 16(2), 202-216.