FEATURES OF THE MODERN FOREIGN POLICY OF THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC

DOI: 10.46493/2663-2675-2020-7-8-3

Authors:

Ihor Ihor Khraban , Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of the Department of International Relations of the Interregional Academy of Personnel Management

Abstract.

The article deals with the formation of modern foreign policy of the Italian Republic, outlines the main ways in which modern Italy moves, characterizes the desire of the current government and the personal views of its leaders in understanding the place and role of the Italian Republic in the postbipolar world. It is noted that Rome has traditionally built its foreign policy priorities in three geographical areas: the Mediterranean, the transatlantic partnership and Europe. These national priorities are unchanging and enduring even in conditions of political instability. The objective prerequisite for the implementation of Italy’s foreign policy is the economic indicators of the state: strong industry, developed agriculture and highly developed scientific potential. However, it should be noted that one of the controversial factors influencing the country’s foreign policy is the limitation of Italian sovereignty in many aspects and the country’s belonging to the US area of interests, which hinders the implementation of the country’s foreign policy, especially after the global financial crisis. On March 4, 2018, the Eurosceptics won the parliamentary elections – the populist 5 Stars Movement and the center-right coalition, where the ultra right League of the North won the most votes. One of the most active partners of Ukraine in foreign economic relations is the Italian Republic, which is in the top five in terms of trade turnover, ranks third among the main partners of Ukraine in terms of services provided. And although “pro-Russian” Italy does not openly oppose Ukraine and, even during Italy’s presidency in the EU, Ukraine gained neighbor status, in the foreign policy sphere on the background of the deepening Italian-Russian, relations with Italy at the beginning of this century revealed Italy’s distancing from Ukraine, which was confirmed by statements at the highest governmental level of Italian leaders, who did not give Ukraine any chance of gaining EU membership.

Keywords : foreign policy, Italian Republic, populism, Italian-Russian relations, Mediterranean, transatlantic partnership, European Union, Ukraine

Language of the article : Ukrainian

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