Otto von Bismarck's Empire: Causes and Beginnings of German Colonial Policy (1871 – 1885)

DOI: 10.46493/2663-2675-2020-5-6-5

Authors:

Serhiy Troyan , Professor of the Department of International Relations, Information and Regional Studies of the National Aviation University, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor

Abstract.

In the last decades of the 19th century, the German Empire played a significant role in the formation and development of colonialism as a complex international historical phenomenon that required in-depth scientific analysis. However, not all its aspects have been developed by modern science. The purpose of scientific intelligence is to summarize the main socio-political and economic circumstances and reasons for the transition of Kaiser's Germany to official steps in the struggle for the colonies. The growing interest of Bismarck and the German government in the colonial question, the support of the plans and actions of German capital in the colonial arena showed that the ideology of German colonialism was increasingly becoming the official nature of government state political doctrine. It was based on the principle of strengthening the domestic and international positions of Kaiser's Germany, supported by the imperial government. To do this, she needed colonies. Colonial propaganda and colonial ideas became an integral part of the ideology of German colonialism. They directly contributed to Germany's entry into the official colonial annexations in the mid-1880s. The role of the real organizational center of the colonial propaganda movement was played by the German Colonial Union, established in 1882. He relied on the support of the most influential social forces and the German government. By the mid-1880s, German society was ideologically prepared for the country's entry into overseas colonial expansion. There were basic organizational conditions for a successful colonial policy, which manifested itself in the formation and operation of relevant societies, unions, organizations, missions. The government was ready to pursue an active colonial policy, choosing a favorable international environment to begin with. In 1884-1885, the German Empire officially declared its colonies territories in Africa (Angra-Pekena, Southwest Africa, Togo, Cameroon) and Oceania.

Keywords : German Empire, Otto von Bismarck, colonial propaganda, colonial policy, German colonialism

Language of the article : Ukrainian

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